ESXI 6.5 Storage Performance Issues and Fix
We would like to make a repost of a very helpful blog post from Anthony Spiteri about performance issues and how he was able to fix them.
Thanks Anthony for your helpful information.
Please find here a link to Anthony’s post.
The issue that I came across was to do with storage performance and the native driver that comes bundled with ESXi 6.5. With the release of vSphere 6.5 yesterday, the timing was perfect to install ESXI 6.5 and start to build my management VMs. I first noticed some issues when uploading the Windows 2016 ISO to the datastore with the ISO taking about 30 minutes to upload. From there I created a new VM and installed Windows…this took about two hours to complete which I knew was not as I had expected…especially with the datastore being a decent class SSD.
I created a new VM and kicked off a new install, but this time I opened ESXTOP to see what was going on, and as you can see from the screen shots below, the Kernel and disk write latencies where off the charts topping 2000ms and 700-1000ms respectively…In throuput terms I was getting about 10-20MB/s when I should have been getting 400-500MB/s.
ESXTOP was showing the VM with even worse write latency.
I thought to myself if I had bought a lemon of a storage controller and checked the Queue Depth of the card. It’s listed with a QD of 31 which isn’t horrible for a homelab so my attention turned to the driver. Again referencing the VMware Compatibility Guide the listed driver for the controller the device driver is listed as ahci version 3.0.22vmw.
I searched for the installed device driver modules and found that the one listed above was present, however there was also a native VMware device drive as well.
I confirmed that the storage controller was using the native VMware driver and went about disabling it as per this VMwareKB (thanks to @fbuechsel who pointed me in the right direction in the vExpert Slack Homelab Channel) as shown below.
After the host rebooted I checked to see if the storage controller was using the device driver listed in the compatibility guide. As you can see below not only was it using that driver, but it was now showing the six HBA ports as opposed to just the one seen in the first snippet above.
I once again created a new VM and installed Windows and this time the install completed in a little under five minutes! Quiet a difference! Upon running a crystal disk mark I was now getting the expected speeds from the SSDs and things are moving along quiet nicely.
Hopefully this post saves anyone else who might by this, or other SuperMicro SuperServers some time and not get caught out by poor storage performance caused by the native VMware driver packaged with ESXi 6.5.
THANKS ANTHONY for this very helpful post and for your effort!
Some other links regarding ESXI Performance: